Dodge Ram 2500 Take Off Wheels

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Ram pickup - Wikipedia

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Ram pickup - Wikipedia

1994-2001 Dodge Ram pickup trucks: the first of the "big rig Rams"

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1994-2001 Dodge Ram pickup trucks: the first of the “big rig Rams”

1994-2001 Dodge Ram pickup vans: the primary of the "big rig Rams"

In 1993, Dodge had 7% of the market proportion for pickups, and just about part of those had Cummins diesels; some buyers said they were not purchasing a Dodge, however a Cummins with a Dodge wrapped around it.

Dan Edelman's million mile Ram

Suddenly, Dodge dropped a bombshell - the 1994 Dodge Ram. Its styling used to be new and other, with a blank look that mimicked heavy vans; it was once extra aerodynamic, and had a lot better designed interiors than competition. It additionally boasted the very best chassis load and tow scores in the trade. Dodge's full-size-pickup market proportion tripled in just a few years.

The new Dodge Ram pickup had an extended listing of business firsts, with the roomiest usual cab, first reclining seats in an ordinary cab pickup, and the longest seat monitor travel.

The Magnum engines had extra horsepower and torque than competitors ' engines, and in midyear, they were joined via a V-10 producing Three hundred horsepower and 450 pound-feet of torque. The new Ram also had the first factory-installed energy take-off adapter on a 4x2 truck with an automatic transmission; and the best-in-class Cummins turbodiesel persisted.

Decor teams began out with the base LT type, with a WS (Work Special) to be had on 1500 pickups only. All pickups could get the ST crew, and all fashions may just get the Laramie SLT.

Development stories

The new Ram, coded Phoenix, was once intended to had been way more conventional in design, despite the fact that styling used to be equivalent. According to a retired Chrysler engineer, there have been few Dodge truck engineers left from the corporate's "truck prime," and with low marketplace proportion and an uncertain long term, the crowd was reportedly a "dumping ground" for unwanted workers.

It all changed with Francois Castaing and Bob Lutz restarted the venture (initially coded T300) from scratch. Everything was examined deeply - together with suspensions. Engineer Bob Sheaves wrote:

The 1994 Dodge Ram (BR) was once all digital. There was once no reason why for clay models. From the beginning of this system at JTE we labored strictly in CATIA with 3D surfacing and solids; no clay was required, as CATIA built precise models in complete scale of the panels and construction. The first article body shells (consisting of the complete physique, mattress, and all closures and constructions) had been directly minimize from the 3-D math data. From the primary panel to the of completion, every piece have compatibility correctly. This was once the first time ever that this were done on the earth by means of any producer, for any product - even Dassault stated it will no longer be done. - Bob Sheaves

I stuck a lot of flack about that suspension design when [my design] was once first proven to higher management. No one ever idea concerning the L/R (presentations you a little bit about how much control in point of fact knew concerning the worldwide business). I had 15 different vehicles for aggressive research to be had throughout the advance of 1994 Dodge Ram's 4x4 suspension. The only reason the link/coil was once used was that it proved to be less expensive and carried out better than the leaf spring setup I designed.

The impartial designs (there were 27 different combos of independent designs evaluated, however solely two constructed, as I have in mind, a coil-over-shock and a torsion-bar sprung design) typically carried out higher on street, and a few performed better off street, but value was once the determining issue, vs. the functionality features.

Hotchkiss suspensions, especially in entrance drive/steer applications, are onerous to regulate for the entire car dynamic inputs. Spring deflection and lateral twist are particularly arduous to predict, due to quite a lot of loading. For example, I know a landscaper who has two 1991 WD 3/Four ton pickups with the Cummins which can be continuously loaded to gross automobile weight. With the Hotchkiss suspension's lateral compliance, when he makes highway-speed lane changes, the steerage has quite a lot of bump-induced trade to the guidance attitude, resulting in wandering and obscure steering. With the over-constrained 5 hyperlink coil suspension on the BR, this effect is minimized.

The problem with over-constrained hyperlink coil is "head toss" when calmly loaded. If the observe bar (often referred to as a panhard rod), which is the lateral hyperlink acting the over constraint, and the steering drag hyperlink is at some attitude as opposed to parallel to the ground plane, lateral motion of the axle is a problem. This is why, when the 1994 Ram was once flippantly loaded (particularly the one-ton model), there's a bump-induced lateral enter to the driving force that some other folks in finding uncomfortable (facet to side head "snapping" motion) that also is present in quite a lot of Jeeps (XJ, ZJ, KJ), and many others., due to the arc of movement of the monitor bar and movement of the axle against the fitting side of the car (brake bias to one side is also an issue, however that's every other tale).

1994-2001 Ram Engines

1994-2001 Ram transmissions

The straight-six Cummins intercooled, turbocharged "B" sequence diesel had a cast-iron block and head, and used high-pressure mechanical direct injection with 2 overhead valves in keeping with cylinder with curler followers and hydraulic lifters. After a midyear 1998 alternate, the engine used high-pressure electronically-controlled direct injection with four valves in keeping with cylinder.

Other alternatives have been all overhead valve fuel engines with two valves in keeping with cylinder, curler fans, and hydraulic lifters, the usage of sequential gasoline injection (common gasoline) and made of cast iron (block and heads); all were in the same "LA" circle of relatives. The same old alternator was once 75 amps - 90 amps with a/c, and 120 amps with special packages (trailer towing, snow-plow, and so forth).

The new rectangular clear out element had 75% more dust capability than the previous Ram pickup, so the alternative interval was greater from 30,000 miles to 45,000 miles.

The new V10 engine, reputedly a 360 with two cylinders tacked on, used to be in fact designed for new applied sciences akin to distributorless ignition. Dodge V10 truck engine web page. (In 1997, the V10 was downrated rather for California).

1994 numbers3.Nine V65.2 V85.Nine V8V10Diesel - StickDiesel - AutoCubic inches239318360488359359Compression9.1:1 9.1:18.9:18.6:117.5:117.5:1Horsepower A hundred seventy five bhp @4800 220 hp @ 4400 230 hp @ 4000 300 [e mail protected] 4000 One hundred seventy five bhp @ 2500 160 bhp @2500 Torque230 lb-ft @ 3200 Three hundred lb-ft @ 3200 330 [email safe] 3200 450 [email safe] 420 [email safe] 1600 400 [electronic mail secure] 1750 BHP/liter44.942.Three 39.037.5 29.7 29.1Redline5250 rpm 5250 rpm 5250 rpm 4750 rpm3000 rpm 3000 rpm Battery (std)600 (750 decide)600 (750 decide)600 (750 decide)750Dual 750Dual 750lb/BHP22.619.018.517.431.6 34.6 In 1995, the Cummins diesel used to be boosted to 430 lb-ft with the guide transmission; it were given some other energy boost in 1996, and another in mid-year 1998.

The Magnum V8 engines were quite boosted in energy starting with the 1997 Rams. The 360 (5.9) V8 went as much as 235 hp / 330 lb-ft in 1997, 245 hp and 335 lb-ft. The 1999 Rams saw power cross to 245 hp (250 hp with Sport Group) and 345 lb-ft of torque (with the Sport Group). By 2002, the 360 was once rated at a simple 245 hp, 335 lb-ft.

Engines5.2 V81997-20015.Nine V81997-2002V102000-2002Diesel - Stick1996-97Diesel - Auto1996-97Diesel 2002Cubic inches318360488359359359Compression9.1:18.9:18.6:117.5:117.5:117.5:1Horsepower 230 hp @ 4400 235-245 hp @ 4000 310 [electronic mail safe] 4000 215 bhp @ 2600 one hundred eighty bhp @2600 235 bhp @2700 Torque300 lb-ft @ 3200 330-335 [electronic mail protected] 3200 450 [email safe] 440 [email safe] 1600 420 [email protected] 1750 505 [e mail protected] 1600 Redline5250 rpm 5250 rpm 4750 rpm3000 rpm 3000 rpm 3500 rpm Battery600 (750 decide)600 (750 choose)750Dual 750Dual 750Dual 750Both the 5.2 and 5.Nine V8s have been the most tough engines in their class in 1994. A heavier responsibility 5.9 liter (360) engine used to be used within the 3500, with a broader torque curve. With the 5.9 liter V8, the 1994 Ram may outrun and outclimb all different comparably-equipped trucks with handbook transmissions.

On the 5.2-liter (318) V-8 engine, a revised camshaft broadened the torque curve, for up to 30 lb-ft more torque below 3200 rpm; the new cam cut valvetrain noise. The broader torque curve accepted the usage of a three.21 axle ratio on some Ram pickups and Dakotas for higher gasoline financial system.

A brand new throttle cam contour on the V6 and V8 engines equipped a smooth off-idle transition because of an extended effective lever arm at idle (which shortened because the throttle opened further).

The 3.9-liter V6 engine, with a new throttle physique, cam, oil pan, and air cleaner, had the highest horsepower of any V6 in a full-size pickup truck.

All 1994 Dodge Ram pickup fuel engines had returnless, multi-point gas injection system which had been introduced on the 360 cubic inch, 5.9-liter Magnum V-Eight in 1993. The returnless device was unique to Dodge vehicles; it worked by way of hanging the gas regulator into the gasoline tank, moderately than below the hood, which stored gas cooler and prevented leaks. The pc found out a correction factor for the difference between the fuel rail and pump, and changed gasoline injector conduct to compensate for transitory pressure drops.

The catalytic converter on mild responsibility pickups heated up more briefly, as it used to be solely 12 inches in the back of the engine. Exhaust pipes were reduced from 2.25 inches to two.Zero inches in diameter to scale back heat loss, without any impact on functionality. Heavy-duty (8800 kilos GVWR and heavier) 5.Nine and eight.0-liter Ram pickup engines had separate catalytic converters for every cylinder bank; every had its own oxygen sensor.

Power takeoff

The 1994 Ram pickup had the first OEM energy take-off adapter on a 2WD truck with automated transmissions in america; not obligatory on all 3500 models and on 2500 fashions with Cummins Turbo-Diesel or V-10 engines. The adapter was derived from a 4WD transfer case and operated from the cab, working without or with energy to the rear axle. Provision for PTO mounting was standard on NV 4500 and NV 4500 HD manual transmissions and 4 wheel drive models with NV 241 HD switch instances.

1994 Dodge Ram Pickup Production

The new Rams had been in-built Warren, Michigan (Dodge City plant), and in Lago Alberto, Mexico (1500 with short bed solely); rear-drive curb weights ran from 3,958 kilos to 5,906 kilos (Ram 3500 diesel with 10,500 pound gross car weight ranking). Payloads ranged from 1,889 pounds to 4,900 kilos (at the 3500 with the V10). With 4WD, weights ranged from 4,517 pounds to six,325 pounds, with payloads from 1,721 to 4,886 kilos. Chassis cab models can have much higher payloads - ranging to 11,000 GVWR for the 3500.

Axle, driveshaft, switch circumstances

A rear axle with full-floating hubs used to be used on 1994 Ram models with Cummins and V10 engines combining the Model Eighty middle section (ring and pinion gears, differential, bearings and housing) with lighter Model 70 tubes, shafts and hubs. That stored torque capability, whilst cutting weight. Other 1994 Ram pickup axles carried over.

A brand new one-piece aluminum-graphite force shaft used to be used on 134-inch wheelbase Ram 1500 2WD models with computerized transmissions, chopping weight through 20 pounds. A 4-inch aluminum tube was once wrapped with graphite fibers to supply strength (with out the fibers, the one-piece shaft would not be possible).

Four wheel power models used a part-time, synchronized transfer case - NV231, NV241, or NV241HD - which had 4 wheel drive low and neutral modes along with rear wheel drive and high-gear 4wd. The low-range ratio used to be 2.72 and there was no center differential. Minimum floor clearance was a minimum of 8.2 inches on 1500, no less than 8.6 inches on 2500, and at least 9.Eight inches on 3500.

The NV 231 HD switch case was once used on Ram 1500. This was once a strengthened model of a transfer case already used at the Dakota. It had a larger major shaft and a wider chain and sprockets for higher sturdiness than the Dakota unit. It used to be lighter and shifted more smoothly than the switch case used within the earlier A hundred and fifty fashion.

The NV 241 switch case was usual on Ram 2500 trucks. This used to be a changed model of the switch case used for both D150 and D250 fashions at the earlier Ram pickup. Changes have been restricted to the brand new housing and shifter mechanism.

The new NV 241 HD transfer case used to be same old on all Ram 3500 fashions and on 2500 fashions with 8800-pound GVWR, optional on the 2500 fashion with 7500 pound GVWR. Shifting was easier because of a bigger synchronizer, and it was once 58 kilos lighter than its predecessor. For durability, it had a much broader chain and sprockets than the NV 241 switch case to just accept the heavier weight of the 3500 vans.

Steering and brakes

All the Rams used a Hotchkiss power; a ladder kind frame held up a double-wall metal pickup field. Rear force fashions used upper and decrease A palms with coil springs, tubular shocks, and stabilizer bar (on some fashions, with a tubular axle, Quadra hyperlink leading palms, and track bar) up entrance; the 4WD models used a are living axle with Quadra hyperlink main arms, track bar, coil springs, stabilizer bar, and tubular shocks up front. But used longitudinal leaf-springs with gas-charged shocks in back. Turning circles ranged from 40.6 inches all the technique to 52.7 inches, on either rear or 4wd models.

Brakes150025003500Front 11.6 x 1.2512.5 x 1.512.Five x 1.5Rear11.0 x 2.013.0 x 2.513.0 x 3.5Swept area538.8 sq in676.4 sq in761.Eight sq inVented disc brakes were utilized in front and antilock drum brakes in again, with a ten.25 inch tandem diaphragm vacuum power assist.

Only part-time four-wheel force was available; a entrance axle disconnect gadget reduce friction in two-wheel power mode. All had a low-4x4 tools.

In 1994, the Ram 3500 pickup was the one one-ton truck to have a front axle disconnect device. All switch cases were made by way of New Venture Gear and had new housings which positioned the shifter inside clean reach of the driver.

Ram pickup truck body construction

Hood panels have been hemmed on 3 sides; to avoid visible spot welds, an adhesive was the principle approach to hold the inner and outer panels.

The hood-and-grille meeting used to be counterbalanced by torsion springs, which pivoted on a four-bar linkage to clear the hood and windshield wipers when opened.

The radiator closure panel included hydroformed upper and decrease pass bars, forming the tubes in an external die using high strain water; it was once the first body-in-white utility of hydroforming in the US automobile business, and it cut weight by round 4 pounds. The higher tubular part was once removable to permit the Cummins diesel to be removed.

A complete roof internal panel contributed to roof energy and overall cab stiffness. Doors had been the most important in the business. A hem joint held the interior and outer panels together. Door beams of excessive strength, roll-formed steel helped safe occupants from aspect impression collisions. One-piece side panels assured consistency of door are compatible, and supported the shoulder belt turning loops and door strikers.

Boxed cab sills have been open on the backside for drainage, for occasional operation in water as much as 20 inches deep. Heat-expandable plastic baffles positioned in the bases of the door pillars to block noise transmission additionally blocked the entry of water and did not soak up water, thus combating corrosion.

The pickup box featured:

Indentations to carry 2x8s for an upper load surface Vertical beads within the sides to for wood-panel separators Stake pockets with rope tie-down holes Front shipment tie-down rings recessed within the box floor, hid by means of a snap-in plastic duvet and attached to the structural front box toughen rail Rear shipment tie-down rings on the base of the tailgate pillars A one-piece floor of high-strength, dent-resistant metal The tailgate exterior floor was a one-piece stamping - removable, with provision for a screw attachment to the best pivot to scale back the potential for theft. The recessed release handle had the similar feel and action because the door handles. An not obligatory protector of black TPO plastic was once screwed to the top of the tailgate. The tailgate opening used to be 58.7 inches broad - enough for many sliding campers however less than the Recreational Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) beneficial minimum of 60.Five inches; a operating alternate in early 1994 larger the outlet to 60.5 inches.

On 3500 models, which have standard dual rear wheels, RIM poly-urea wheelhouse extensions had been bolted to the out of doors of the box.

The periphery of the Ram Pickup grille was once molded ABS plastic, painted or chrome plated depending at the fashion; a honeycomb grille texture of high impression TPO plastic was once heat-staked to the outer molding. The texture used to be immune to influence by stones and other flying items. The grille used to be cantilevered from the hood, and was once strong enough to act as a deal with when last the hood. Edges of the outer edge have been clean for "friendly" contact with arms. Black paint was implemented by means of an electro-coating procedure.

A transparent acrylic ram's head medallion used to be molded into the back surface of the grille and painted silver. The portion of the back floor that conformed to the grille used to be textured and painted black.

The Ram Pickup with Laramie SLT decor group included adhesive-bonded cab and field facet moldings of extruded PVC and a tailgate applique. All moldings, nameplates and appliques had been adhesive-bonded to the body after portray to forestall corrosion.

The 1994 Dodge Ram pickup used a high-strength steel face bar in entrance with molded plastic higher and decrease fascias; the upper fascia also served as a step pad. With Laramie SLT decor, molded plastic sight shields have been inserted within the air openings of the chrome bumper. An air dam decreased airflow below the truck for advanced gasoline financial system on all 1500 models (not obligatory on 2500 and 3500). Both fascias and air dam have been molded-in-color TPO plastic, black on best, gray on bottom.

The not obligatory rear step bumper was the lightest and most powerful unit within the trade - 5 pounds lighter than the following lightest aggressive bumper, but in a position to make stronger 500 kilos of trailer tongue load and pull a 5,000 pound trailer. The bumper had a one-piece stamped metal face with an integrated reinforcement tube. A normal-size hitch ball mounting hole in the center was once flanked through two holes for change gadgets. The internal floor and the reinforcement tube were electro-coat painted to stop corrosion. The bumper integrated molded black plastic step pads with a textured floor.

Glass, paint, corrosion coverage

All glass at the Ram Pickup used to be tinted and zero.156 in. (4 mm) thick - a stability among energy, weight and noise blocking off capability.

The windshield was adhesive-bonded and flush with the encompassing sheet steel for low wind noise; a slender black plastic molding covered the uncovered edges of the glass. The windshield prolonged beneath the park role of the windshield wipers to scale back buffeting air circulation and noise in the passenger compartment.

The rear window was adhesive-bonded for a tight seal; it also added structural energy to the roof. The Ram pickup sliding rear window used sun keep an eye on glass.

All exterior sheet metallic, including the roof, was galvanized or galvannealed. Bodies constructed at Dodge City had been primed by means of the full-immersion E-coat process; all closed body sections had get right of entry to openings to allow the corrosion-resistant E-coat primer to reach deep into crevices. Bodies built at Lago Alberto, Mexico had spray primer within the cavities. Enclosed spaces additionally won a wax-type corrosion protection spray coating after the finish paint. Underbodies constructed at Lago Alberto additionally gained a corrosion coverage spray coating. All containers have been E-coated.

Anti-chip coating was once added to the decrease third of the physique to offer protection to towards stone harm. An exterior color coating of acrylic enamel used to be topped via an acrylic clear-coat for a lifetime excessive gloss end and chip resistance. The clear-coat paint system used to be delicate to increase its resistance to airborne chemical compounds. The body assembly used to be dipped in hot wax to inhibit corrosion.

The guidance and suspension programs introduced two years of showroom-appearance coverage and life-of-vehicle practical protection in opposition to corrosion-related screw ups. Corrosion coverage was once applied to every element all through the gadget. For instance, rear springs had zinc inter-liners between the leaves, zinc-rich primer on each and every leaf and a finish coat of paint.

Heat, vent, air-con

Rotary controls for mode, fan speed and temperature were smooth to succeed in and perform. In Floor mode, 10-15% of the air flowed during the defroster ducts. In Floor-Defrost mode the stream was equally divided. In Defrost mode, 80% of the move was to the windshield. Air flows to the side-window demisters within the Floor, Floor­Defrost, and Defrost modes. For balanced comfort in B-Level mode, air movement used to be 30°F cooler at the panel shops than it was at the surface. Rotating the temperature regulate beyond its lowest temperature function closed a damper to prevent outside air from entering the passenger compartment however allowed air to be recirculated inside the cab by means of the fan if desired. This allowed sooner cooling in scorching weather. The a/c compressor robotically went on with defrost when the out of doors temperature used to be over 45° F (7°C) to prevent window fogging and keep the system lubricated. The ventilation system integrated air exhausters within the body lock pillars to advertise flow thru ventilation.

Both heater-only and heater/air conditioner programs used a commonplace housing within the passenger compartment. This housing held the heater core, air-con evaporator, the temperature and mode keep watch over doorways and their actuators and the molded plastic fan. It was once hooked up to the defroster ducts and software panel ducts for air distribution.

The Dodge Ram air conditioner cooled sooner underneath all circumstances than competitive methods. In high temperature laboratory trying out, the time required to succeed in an appropriate convenience stage used to be 30% less than with the nearest competitor, the result of the 20% upper air stream and a large high-performance plate and evaporator. The seven-piston swash plate-driven compressor used to be easy and quiet, and a "piccolo tube" condenser also enhanced performance. Refrigerant growth used to be managed through an orifice tube inserted in the condenser outlet line, which used to be simpler and more dependable than a thermal enlargement valve. Evaporator freeze-up was avoided by means of a seize cycling transfer that monitored evaporator suction strain.

For reliability, hose use was limited to locations the place flexibility was once required; an aluminum tube hooked up the evaporator to the condenser. In-line quick-connect couplings with O-ring seals at the evaporator and condenser allowed component removing for service whilst assuring a reliable seal.

Mirrors, glass, and doorways

Dual, black 6x9-inch handbook out of doors mirrors were same old. Their housings have been affect resistant plastic molded in coloration to scale back appearance deterioration brought about by way of corrosion and abrasion. They hooked up on the lower entrance corner of the facet windows (the" sail" area) but stood out from the body on curved tubular mounts. They have been hinged to fold towards the glass. Each hinge had a memory - a spring detent - making it smooth to restore the reflect to its customary role after folding.

Optional chromed 6x9-inch energy mirrors were also hinged to fold against the glass. Dual motors situated each and every reflect head inside of a fixed housing. The joystick regulate had a large knob for easy operation with gloved hands.

The doors were strengthened to assure stable mirrors whilst going offroad. Optional low-mount trailer towing mirrors had 7x10-inch heads in shiny chrome steel housings, hooked up by means of 4 stainless-steel legs bolted to the door enhance.

The Dodge Ram Pickup had low window cranking effort thanks to tight tolerances and flocked glass runs that eliminated rubber to glass touch. A novel glass run, inserted in a channel within the door, minimized wind noise; along the top and entrance, the run had a small sealing lip that used to be completely hid. Along the rear of the opening an uncovered torsional lip at the run closed over the glass as it rolls up, assuring a good seal and offering a smooth transition to the sheet metal to reduce wind noise.

Cross arm regulators situated the glass in each guide and tool windows. A proprietary energy window motor and regulator have been quiet and integrated cushioned stops.

Ram Pickup doorways had been the biggest within the industry; strong spring-loaded cam and curler door checks had two positions for more straightforward dealing with. To scale back final effort, hinge geometry caused the doorways to transport downward when closing, and the door check cam profile led to the test spring to help remaining. Door take a look at mechanisms was identified for effectiveness but additionally for high price and weight; at the Ram pickup, it was once packaged throughout the upper hinge, decreasing both weight and value. The spring was Teflon®-coated to cut back noise and the hinges, that have been the strongest ever tested through the provider, had Teflon-coated pivot bushings to cut back friction and noise.

Flush-mounted outdoor door handles and housing assemblies supplied room for gloved hand operation. Linkage geometry made the take care of clean and handy to drag out. When launched, the take care of sealed against the housing to forestall the access of water and noise. The care for and its housing have been molded in black solely, of a reinforced proprietary plastic material that used to be weather resistant.

The inside door deal with pivoted upward and inward at an attitude that follows natural elbow motion for convenience and convenience. The door was once opened or closed from inside of with a pull cup recessed into the arm relaxation.

Door latches had been introduced in 1991 on company minivans and further subtle for quiet operation in 1993. They were world-class in smooth, quiet operation and coffee effort. With power door locks, the latches integrated integral locking motors. Effort to unlock the doorways with the important thing was low for the reason that key did not flip the lock motor.

Door sealing features confident that the Ram pickup had the lowest wind noise of all full size pickups. A body-mounted bulb-type number one seal, which encircled the door opening, stored out water and wind. A singular double-bulb secondary seal stuffed the distance between the door edge and cab along the windshield pillar and door header to reduces wind noise. The double-bulb seal used to be simpler than lip-type secondary seals used on vehicles.

Wipers had airfoil blades to handle contact at street speeds. The motor, linkage, and wiper palms was connected to a tubular body that used to be mounted within the cover plenum chamber thru 4 rubber to minimize noise, and role the blades at the windshield for good visibility.

Dual fluidic washer nozzles fixed at the cowl give full glass coverage for rapid cleaning with much less fluid than different techniques. Fluidic nozzles equipped a spray that oscillated all of a sudden around the wiped space. Because policy used to be determined via aerodynamics, nozzle position and nozzle pattern peak and width were designed the usage of wind tunnel information.

Cutting noise, vibration, and harshness

The preferrred NVH relief options of competitive cars have been mixed with enhancements via Chrysler engineers. Box-section front frame rails greater structural stiffness; the sprint panel, surface pan and cab again panel had in depth structural ribbing (others used this system sparingly). A back panel reinforcement managed "boom" and low-frequency noise in the cab. Large low-durometer rubber mounts isolated the cab from noise and vibration. The mounts had been positioned outboard of the body to reduce cab roll relative to the frame whilst maintaining the low charge for isolation.

Bushing-type elastomeric entrance engine mounts on the Ram pickup had been tuned to use the engine mass as a dynamic damper for experience motions, making the Ram the only full-size pickup truck to make use of the engine mounts this manner. The mass of the engine oscillating on its mounts dynamically canceled entrance suspension oscillations, allowing a smoother experience without loss of keep watch over. The mounts were extensively spaced to keep an eye on engine movement when the suspension bottomed out over laborious bumps. Voids allowed low-amplitude engine oscillation, whilst the cylindrical construction managed engine motion when the suspension bottomed out. The massive quantity and low durometer of the rubber supplied efficient isolation from engine vibrations with remarkable durability, particularly off-road.

With the 3.9-liter V-6, the rear mount integrated a molded-in "rate plate" that altered the lateral-to-vertical ratio of the mount's rate so that it might provide damping of lateral vibration inherent within the engine.

In addition:

The engine facet of the sprint panel used to be lined by means of a fiberglass and vinyl barrier contoured to the dash with the biggest policy area within the industry. The passenger side of the dash was covered with an insulating foam pad with vinyl dealing with. With diesel engines the froth density was once larger. An insulating pad of molded fiberglass used to be hooked up to the hood. With Cummins diesel engine the insulator was once thicker and denser. Both had a cloth going through and sealed edges for appearance. A foam insulating pad was once connected to the engine facet of the cowl plenum with Cummins diesel engine solely. A heavy layer of asphalt mastic was baked onto the floor pan. Optional carpeting was once sponsored by way of a layer of asphalt mastic. An insulating pad was positioned below each standard vinyl mat floor overlaying and not obligatory carpeting. Molded foam pads are placed at the back of the cover aspect trim panels. Aerodynamics

Aerodynamically, the 1994 Ram would now not be overwhelmed at Dodge until the 2009 models edged them out; their drag coefficient used to be 0.44, with a frontal space of 34.49 sq. ft on all fashions for rear wheel pressure, and 0.Forty eight with 35.34 sq. feet of entrance house on 4WD. Two examples of aerodynamic methods of slicing wind noise have been:

A flange at the entrance edge of the field blocked the upward circulate of airborne noise behind the cab . A dual-bulb secondary seal crammed the distance between the door edge and body alongside the windshield pillar and door header to cut out wind noise. Windshield, windshield pillar, and door glass changes decreased wind noise to the lowest level within the business. Heat expandable plastic noise baffles had been positioned in door hinge pillars, windshield pillars and door lock pillars. They expanded when heated within the paint oven to dam those noise transmission noise paths. EPDM rubber "stuffers" have been inserted between front fenders and cover sides aft of the front wheel openings. They avoided internal noise caused via air dashing over the door faces.

1994 Dodge Ram Body

The 1994 Ram pickup had the biggest cab with the finest inner accommodations for its occupants. Accommodation meant convenience -lack of fatigue - and convenience - ease of achieve and energy. The Ram pickup cab equipped seating accommodation for 95% of america adult inhabitants, exceeding all other pickup vehicles in lodging for both large and small other people. Accommodations had been as follows:

Inches (mm)Headroom40.2 (1021)Legroom41.0 (1059)Hiproom65.8 (1671)Shoulder room66.3 (1684)Seat to cab back3.8 - 13.2Seat track travel7.5The Ram inside had additional storage space in the back of the seat, a more comfortable same old seat and a more reclined seat again than was conceivable with smaller cabs. The leading edge 40-20-Forty front seat incorporated a folding combination "business center" and armrest with house for a laptop pc, a portable mobile phone, cassette tapes, and miscellaneous items. Also available was once an leading edge behind-the-seat garage device that integrated clip-on packing containers, a retention internet held through bungee cords and a full-width, surface­ mounted tray with dividers. The software panel incorporated the next convenience features:A dual-opening retractable mug and cup holder with versatile lips that retained bins from Five to 44 ounces. The cup holder was high within the panel and on the subject of the driver for easy get right of entry to with out taking a look clear of the street. An open garage field used to be above the glove compartment. A rubber mat with a lip at the front edge avoided objects from sliding out and dampens noise from objects within. A despair in the top of the panel, additionally above the glove compartment, supplied a resting position for small items. Gloved-hand clearance was once provided for the cup holder and ash tray and all controls. The steerage column lower quilt acted as a knee bolster. Though it acted as a restraint all the way through collisions, it equipped ample clearance for driver entry, exit and pedal operation.

Standard instrumentation on the Ram pickup integrated an electrically-driven (no cable) speedometer and odometer with go back and forth odometer, and electric gauges for oil strain, coolant temperature, electrical system voltage and gas level. A premium device cluster (in Laramie SLT decor group and standard with diesel) integrated a tachometer, low gas warning light and coffee washer fluid degree indicator light.

A message middle below the heating, ventilating and air-con controls on the Ram pickup instrument panel had caution lamps that indicated "Water In Fuel" (diesel engine), "Wait To Start" (diesel engine), and "Transmission Temperature."

Two overhead consoles had been optional; each integrated two courtesy and reading lamps. Pressing the hinged lens of each and every lamp became the lamp on. The base console integrated a single storage pocket; with the Laramie SL T decor workforce, the overhead console included an electronic compass and outside temperature show unit instead.

Ram pickup pedals pivoted on a rigid magnesium die casting that still supported the steering column. This not unusual mounting confident actual keep watch over of pedal top and lateral function. Pedal function, comfort and convenience were established through human factors engineering. Each pedal had sufficient room for a driver with huge paintings boots. Height distinction between brake and accelerator was small for handy operation. The accelerator pedal lever ratio and geometry provided probably the most at ease foot position, travel arc and general feel in the category.

The steerage wheel length, function and attitude were decided using human elements engineering. Round horn buttons were located at the steering wheel spokes for simple get entry to. A rubber isolated easy-slide double-D coupling between the steering column and guidance tools quietly and snugly allowed for small quantities of relative movement between frame and cab.

Switches aligned alongside the base of the guidance wheel perform the non-compulsory computerized speed keep an eye on machine. Each transfer key had a raised, ribbed edge to suggest the right actuation point. Each switch had a refined end-of-travel detent to indicate that action had came about.

The ignition switch and lock at the guidance column include a "halo" lamp ring round the important thing cylinder for easy location at evening. The halo lamp was "on" in brief after the motive force's door was once opened.

A bench seat with hinged back used to be standard. The cushion was also deep for thigh fortify. A novel 40-20-Forty seat configuration was once optional, with three trim fabrics. The 40% sections were independently adjustable and had manual recliners. The driving force's seat had a four-position guide lumbar make stronger. Outboard seat backs have been wider than passenger car bucket seat backs to accommodate higher drivers. A driver-only six-way energy seat track used to be non-compulsory with the Laramie SLT decor team.

Both outboard seats provided clean get admission to to the garage area at the back of the seats. Lifting the latch on the back of the seat released each the back latch and the monitor latch. This let the again fold and the cushion slide ahead in a single movement. Lifting the seat monitor adjusting lever freed the cushion to go back to its prior role.

The back of the middle seat folded down to shape an arm rest that also served as a cover for the original "business center" garage area. Compartments were equipped for a laptop pc, a cellphone, cassette tapes, and different items.

Each seat had a urethane foam cushion resting on a cord mat suspended through springs. Firmness of the froth and versatility of the seat suspension was once according to bench mark cushion and again configurations decided by intensive jury experience and drive evaluations of aggressive automobiles. Seat styling was additionally advanced from these benchmarks.

The Laramie SLT headliner was once foam-backed top rate, plush material. The Laramie SLT decor workforce additionally included a seize maintain on the passenger-side roof rail. The usual headliner featured a Foss® masking (a proprietary non-woven cloth) over molded urethane foam for appearance that was once awesome to competitive vinyl headliners.

The Laramie SLT decor crew incorporated full-coverage mass-backed surface carpeting and vinyl carpet protection mats. Mass-backing used to be a heavy asphalt mastic subject matter that was once extremely effective at damping vibration and blocking street noise. The usual trim had a full-coverage" animal hide" grained vinyl floor mat.

The inside rear view mirror was once 12 inches vast for excellent visibility. It included manually-operated prismatic middle of the night dimming.

The Laramie SLT cab back had a carpet-covered molded plastic trim panel that supported a novel storage device. Two removable, interchangeable packing containers could be hung in 4 conceivable places on slotted vertical tracks attached to the trim panel. A internet retained by means of bungee cords stretched between monitor slots or shaped the slotted tracks to different slots in a full width floor-mounted garage tray. The surface tray had two fixed dividers and used to be molded of black ABS plastic.

Electrical features

Two battery ratings - Six hundred A and 750 A - have been used; each had Group 27 instances. Dual batteries had been standard with the Cummins Turbo Diesel engine; those lasted longer and were more uncomplicated to recharge than the only battery used in the past, and made it possible to make use of a smaller, lighter starter.

The headlight lenses have been made from high-impact polycarbonate plastic, with the look of glass. The housing had shielded vent tubes on the top and bottom, which accredited moisture to flee but prevented the entry of rain or street splash. Headlight aiming screws had been obtainable from the entrance. An not obligatory two-element shipment lamp was once combined with the center, high-mounted stop mild, recessed into the again of the cab above the rear window.

The energy locks might be set by way of a dealer or proprietor to robotically lock when the automobile reached 16 mph (however were not shipped with that characteristic on.)

A power distribution middle on the left fender facet shield integrated cartridge fuses to give protection to main power distribution circuits, and relays for underhood power equipment. Its location minimized voltage drops and made finding relays for carrier smooth. A label throughout the latching quilt known the relays and fuses.

The fuse block used to be positioned simply inboard of the left end of the device panel, in the back of the panel surface. The location cut cord duration to software panel electric elements. The fuse block included a snap-in retainer that was installed within the cavity for the IOD (ignition off draw) fuse, permitting the fuse to stay in its regular location when disconnected. A fuse puller was once clipped to the fuse block and a label on the again of the cover known the fuses. Three spare fuses were additionally hooked up to the fuse block duvet.

The tool panel construction integrated a trough for the wiring harness to give protection to the wiring and cut back the potential for buzzes, squeaks, and rattles. Powered elements during the automobile had direct connections slightly than "pig tails" for prime reliability.

Wire harnesses have been routed over clean surfaces or in structural formations and held in position with plastic clips anywhere possible to offer protection to them against injury. Plastic troughs and grommets protected the harnesses from rough surfaces and sharp edges. To reduce the possibility of injury and make both set up and repair easy, most wiring was once placed outside body cavities.

A physique wiring harness rear take-out used to be standard on 3500 models and included with the Trailer Tow Group to simplify conventional or "fifth-wheel" trailer hook ups. The harness integrated a frame flooring to fortify trailer tow wiring connections which frequently specified this type of floor.

Rear suspensions

Rear suspensions had longitudinal leaf springs, tubular shock absorbers, and a forged axle, with 60-inch springs - six inches longer than the previous Ram pickup to scale back rigidity, allowing a lower fee for a better experience, while reducing spring "wind up" for a smoother "launch" feel.

A flat (low camber) spring configuration reduced the rear roll middle to increase cornering stability. Tension-type rear shackles managed shake. Large front eye bushings absorbed impacts to reduce experience harshness. On fashions over 8800 kilos GVWR, the springs had been 0.Five in. wider than at the earlier Ram pickup to cut back rigidity, allowing a lower rate for a greater experience while maintaining durability. Standard tubular shock absorbers with a 30 millimeter bore and 34 millimeter reservoir tube equipped consistent ride keep watch over on rough surfaces and lasted longer than competitive usual surprise absorbers. Heavy-duty shock absorbers with a 35 millimeter bore were optional.

Front suspensions

Rear wheel force Ram pickups had a large observe and subtle impartial entrance suspension with coil springs and a regular anti-roll bar. Heavy-duty shock absorbers with a 30-mm bore and an oversized reservoir tube provided experience keep an eye on on rough surfaces and lasted longer than aggressive same old surprise absorbers. Heavier surprise absorbers with a 35-mm bore have been not obligatory with some 2500 models and all 3500 models. The suspension was once standard in concept for top reliability and durability however integrated the following refinements:

Suspension travel was 8 in. for a clean ride on bumpy surfaces. Long radius regulate hands and a tall guidance knuckle reduce camber and toe changes during experience motions. A raised roll center progressed steerage reaction and diminished sway all through cornering. Upper regulate hands have been inclined to the rear to minimize front suspension dive all through braking. The cast iron guidance knuckle rode between huge, sturdy ball joints. The guidance knuckle integrated a pressed-in solid metal spindle for lengthy wear. Scrub radius (offset between the steering ax used to be and the center of the tire touch patch) used to be small to increase wheel bearing life, gave better dealing with reaction and make stronger braking stability. Shock absorber and spring lever arm ratios have been massive to improve trip keep an eye on. Wide base regulate palms reduced shake and transverse body quite a bit. Wide base keep watch over fingers additionally diminished noise and harshness by means of allowing softer higher and decrease keep an eye on arm pivot bushings to cushion longitudinal wheel travel over impression bumps. The link-type anti-roll bar had Teflon-lined bushings for easy constant operation and long life. Micro-cellular urethane front suspension jounce bumpers start running early in jounce travel and had a rising price that contributes to dealing with and decreases harshness when "bottoming out." Bushing-type variable charge entrance engine mounts are tuned to use the engine mass as a dynamic damper for experience motions. The 3500 cab and chassis used the similar front suspension as 4x4 models, however had a instantly tubular axle instead of a drive axle.

4x4 front suspensions

The 4x4 models used a cast axle with link-coil suspension and a standard anti-roll bar; four parallel leading hyperlinks positioned the axle longitudinally whilst a monitor bar equipped lateral location. A link-type sway bar and heavy-duty tubular surprise absorbers had been usual. The link-coil suspension was tougher and no more complex than impartial programs, had less tire put on because tire camber didn't alternate all the way through trip motions, and had a very good ride similar to independent methods on the road, whilst a long way superior to them off the road. Ride control was excessive due to wide-mounted coil springs and shocks, and there was over 7.5 inches of experience travel balanced between jounce and rebound. The system had more dynamic flooring clearance than impartial techniques, with much less rebound friction than a leaf spring suspension to assist stay the wheels at the flooring in off-road operation and a decrease fee than leaf springs for a easy trip.

Bushing-type variable charge entrance engine mounts were tuned to use the engine mass as a dynamic damper for trip motions.

Steering, wheels, tires, and brakes

Variable ratio power guidance and low turning-torque tie-rod ends aided Dodge Ram maneuverability for 2WD and 4wd fashions with 6010, 6400 and 7500-pound GVWR's. The overall ratio used to be 16:1 on center and 13:1 on the ends of travel. With upper capacities, a 17.5:1 ratios was once used. Compression-type decrease ball joints on 2WD models equipped lower steering effort and higher steering returnability than tension joints.

Sixteen-inch center-pilot wheels were same old on all Ram pickup models; they equipped higher steadiness and less run-out than unpiloted wheels. Sixteen-inch wheels supplied better trip and handling, more floor clearance, and extra space for brakes. Chrome-plated, full-face steel wheels have been to be had completely on 1500 and 2500 fashions of the Ram pickup; the Ram 2500 used to be the one 3/4-ton full-size pickup to provide them as unique apparatus.

Sixteen-inch "P-metric" tires, with passenger automotive tread design but constructed to gentle truck specifications, were standard on Ram pickup 1500 2WD models - the primary pickup vehicles to have them - making improvements to gasoline mileage, cornering, really feel, and braking. All­season, all-terrain and OWL (Outline White Letter)" image" tires had been available in all load ranges.

Brakes were designed for excellent in school feel, stopping ability, heat resistance, and sturdiness, with same old sliding caliper entrance disc brakes and twin servo rear brakes on all fashions. Front brakes used slider single piston calipers; the sliders secure against contamination and corrosion. Rotors, drums, and tool brake boosters had been better and (except for for the booster) thicker than at the previous generation. A quick take-up booster and grasp cylinder assembly, similar to one first offered on the Viper sports activities automobile, responded immediately to pedal motion. The techniques had been self-adjusting; and lining fabrics had no asbestos. Steering knuckles on 2WD fashions had integral brake caliper anchors for simplicity and coffee weight.

Rear-wheel anti-lock brakes were same old and carried over from 1993. A single sensor on the differential housing was used for both rear brakes. The Ram presented not obligatory four-wheel antilock disk brakes as well, on 1500 and 2500 fashions with each rear wheel pressure and 4 wheel rive; these used separate pace sensors at every front wheel in addition to the only rear sensor.

Cooling techniques

Cross-flow aluminum radiators with plastic end tanks cooled all Ram pickup V -6 and V-8 engines; the light-weight aluminum radiators had been unique amongst full-size pickup vehicles. Varying necessities are met with other core thicknesses; the face area was once stored the similar.

V10 and diesel engines used copper-brass radiators, and needed no heavy duty package deal to cool at their most tow ranking on a 4% grade at 45 mph. Leak prevention used to be enhanced by means of machined water pump hose connections and radiator nipple pop-off beads.

New snap-on fittings improved the reliability and durability of transmission cooler line connections and were easier to take away and reconnect. A completed connection was both audible and visual to the installer. Auxiliary air-to-oil transmission coolers supplemented the in-radiator cooler when heavy-duty transmission cooling was specified.

Cooling lovers have been nonetheless pushed off the engine crankshaft by a serpentine belt accessory force. Fans "idled" at about one thousand rpm unless more pace was once required, courtesy of a bi-metal temperature sensor which controlled a valve which altered the stream of a viscous subject matter within the fan connector.

The jack was saved under the seat on all fashions. On the Laramie SLT decor staff, the tire converting equipment had been placed in the floor-mounted garage tray and retained by a Velcro® strap. With different decor teams, the tools have been clamped to the ground behind the seat.

A driver's air bag and tool panel knee bolster supplemental restraint gadget was standard on all 1994 Dodge Ram pickups, making them the primary and only pickup vans to provide a standard a driving force's air bag on all models.

The airbag was once made of a porous material first offered at the LH automobiles; it had only one small opening for deflation, and controlled porosity let the inflating fuel disperse lightly throughout the bag. This porous cloth also authorized a trimmer steerage wheel housing than the neoprene-coated subject material used in previous programs as it used to be much less cumbersome. The gas generator for the Ram Pickup air bag was smaller and lighter than on other Chrysler air bags, additionally contributing to a less bulky steerage wheel module.

Dodge Ram Changes, 1995-2000

In 1995, the Club Cab, with entrance and folding rear seats, a longer body, and swing-out quarter home windows, used to be added as customer tastes started to move in opposition to giant cabs. An illuminated overdrive lockout transfer and new Infinity CD stereo with equalizer used to be added to the options. A caution chime changed the buzzer within the gentle group.

Late in 1995, Dodge added fog lighting fixtures to the sport bundle, made four-wheel antilock brakes optional on Ram 3500, and began selling a compressed natural gas (CNG) 5.2 liter V8 engine. After the style yr launch, torque at the manual-transmission diesel used to be greater via 10 pound-feet.

1996 brought an increase in diesel power and torque, electronically-governed automatic transmissions, sequential gasoline injection for the V10 (with out a trade in energy rankings however higher gas mileage and decrease emissions), new wheels for SLT and Sport models, CD controls added to the cassette stereo with equalizer, cruise keep an eye on switches with an On light, and yellow underhood carrier level id. Less visual have been a transfer to the JTEC powertrain laptop, which brought OBD II on-board diagnostics to all powertrains. Finally, late in the yr, a camper suspension package was once added, and EGR used to be deleted from all gas engines (this occurred late in the year for the 5.9 liter V8).

In 1997, Dodge happily announced that its Rams were rated #1 in Strategic Vision's Total Quality Index for the second one year in a row. New options incorporated electrocoat body paint, non-compulsory far off keyless access, new leather seats with woodgrain inner (on SLT), a Sport Plus upgrade bundle with subtle suspension, different wheels and tires, 360 engine, and sport exhaust, rear cupholders added to 1 SLT seat package deal, stereo upgrades (including a mixed CD/cassette unit), a new sliding rear window, new inner and external colours, a normal rear stabilizer bar and auxiliary spring coupled with an stepped forward body and wiring at the 3500 cab and chassis, and a snow-plow prep crew optional on 2500 Club Cab with 360. The diesel's throttle regulate gadget was refined and hydraulic power brake booster was added. In 1997, Dodge Ram gross sales moved to 350,000 devices, 12% of the whole United States marketplace and 19% of the American full-sized pickup section - greater than double the 1993 Ram's marketplace proportion.

In 1998, the Quad Cab™ physique style used to be the primary extended-cab pickup truck within the business to characteristic 4 doors. Midyear in 1998, next-generation entrance airbags have been offered; a passenger aspect airbag switch was added; a removable storage module used to be added beneath the Quad Cab rear seats; and the Cummins turbodiesel was upgraded with extra robust. The Dodge Ram pickup used to be nearing the top of its first "big-rig" collection, nevertheless it was nonetheless gaining in reputation as factories churned out more and more of the new pickups and Ford and GM scrambled to match them. The aggregate of user-friendly interiors, excessive capability chassis, tough Magnum engines (with "gassers" from the 3.Nine liter V6 to the 8.Zero liter V10 -- all according to the ancient LA V8 circle of relatives -- and the Cummins straight-six turbodiesel), and higher than usual experience and dealing with all made the Ram the pickup to get, for individuals who did not just head to their standard dealer out of addiction. The automatic transmissions proved to be a problem in many of those pickups, sadly, but it surely used to be not nearly as dangerous because the 1989 Ultradrive debacle. The new Ram had taken Dodge from promoting 90,000 full-size pickups a 12 months in 1992 - a 6% market percentage - to a whopping 383,960 in 1996, good for a 19% marketplace proportion. For 1998, the principle exchange was an absolutely new inner package deal that absorbed extra sound, while higher chassis tuning reduce vibration.

Where did that look come from? Chris Theodore said, "We were sitting around a lunch table at Jeep Truck. Craig Winn was there, I was there, I think Trevor Creed was there and maybe Lutz or Castaing were there. Chrysler already had a new Ram on the drawing board, but it looked just like a Chevy or a Ford. Someone said, 'Wouldn't it be neat if you saw a pickup truck in your rearview mirror and it looked like a Mack truck was about to run you over?' And that's where the Ram idea came from."

According to engineer "JTE," the 1998 Quad Cab's "suicide doors were designed to access the rear seat without having to mess with existing floors, roofs, frames, shafts, lines etc. After the Quad Cab proved popular, a few forward thinkers proposed extending the cab and shortening the cargo box 100mm to provide for a b pillar swing. An A/B buck was built with B pillar swing on one side and c pillar swing on the other, shown all over, loved by everyone. We even brought in a dirt bike to check fit, hence the term 6' box became 'short box' so we could salvage components common to the 140" wheelbase." This "true four door" was launched as part of the 2002 refresh.

In 1999, four-wheel antilock brakes were made standard on the Ram 3500; and the Sport Appearance Group was upgraded (it included the front bumper, front fascia, grille, and quad headlamps). Redesigned overhead consoles with and without a trip computer were added; power windows were upgraded; the headlamps were moved to a rotary switch; the JTEC computer was upgraded for added diagnostic capabilities; the odometer and trip odometer were switched to a digital system; and radio controls could be added to the steering wheel.

1999 was the fifth consecutive year the Dodge Ram was named the "Most Appealing Full-Size Pickup" by J.D Power and Associates.

In 2000, with the next generation on its way, the all important Dodge pickup lost the Ram 1500 Club Cab with eight foot box, and the Ram 2500 Club Cab models; there were new trailer towing mirrors (folding, flag mounted) and new colors. Inside, the SLT+ group with Quad Cab models got unique leather seats and numerous creature comforts including steering-wheel radio controls, four wheel antilock brakes, aluminum wheels, trip computer, and heated seats.

On all models, the tachometer, low-washer-fluid light, and underhood lamp became standard. Front suspension and steering was modified to improve ride, directional stability and steering precision; the Ram 2500 and 3500 rear suspensions were modified for better ride quality when loaded.

The new Rams stopped higher with a brand new brake system that used dual-piston front calipers and a snappy response vacuum booster; sooner heavy-duty two wheel drive steerage equipment helped steerage, too. New tires have been used on more than a few models, with 3500 getting higher tires and optional chrome plated wheels.

A brand new off-road group used to be arrange for the Ram 1500 4x4 with short wheelbase, the use of a novel suspension, restricted slip differential, heavy obligation parts, skid plates, tow hooks, fog lamps, 4.10 axles, and different tires and wheels.

Finally, in 2001, the corporate added digital cruise control to the manual-transmission diesel, made four-wheel antilock disk brakes (with dual-piston rear calipers and electronic variable brake proportioning) standard on Ram 2500 and Ram 3500. Dimensional graphics have been added to the tailgate, and child seat anchors had been added to the cab back panels. Diesels went as much as 245 horsepower and 505 lb-ft of torque with a brand new six-speed guide transmission, or, with the four-speed automated and five-speed guide, 235 hp and 460 lb-ft of torque.

1994-2001 Dodge Ram specifications and such

Safety used to be augmented through a standard driving force air bag, side door beams, and optional four-wheel anti-lock brakes.

These were taken from the year 2000 as a consultant 12 months. The NV series have been New Venture manual transmissions with five ahead speeds (3500/4500) or six ahead speeds (NV5600); they have been synchronized in all gears. The different transmissions have been automatics with 4 speeds (including overdrive), hydraulically controlled with electronically controlled governor, overdrive, overdrive lockout, and torque converter seize. All automatics required a unique ATF+Three transmission fluid.

Gear ratios

Both the NV231 and NV241 switch instances have been part-time, synchronized, with 2WD, 4wd excessive, 4wd low, and impartial operating ranges, and a low-range ratio of 2.72:1. They had no middle differential.

Dimensions and capacities

For 2000, brief beds were to be had solely with the Ram 1500 and quad cab Ram 2500. 4x4 wheelbases had been .3 inches shorter than rear drive fashions. Club Cab was once solely to be had on Ram 1500.

Short mattressLong bedBed length6.Five feet8 feetWheelbase, common cab119135Wheelbase, different cabs139155Length, common cab204224Length, extended cab224244Gas tank capacity26 gal44 galInterior accommodations varied only via cab sort: regular cabs had much less seat travel and recliner vary, but similar dimensions otherwise, while Club Cab and Quad Cab had rear seats.

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