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NATO Joint Military Symbology

Jump to navigation Jump to go looking Example Symbols An unidentified adverse motorised anti-tank department 1 DPLeg Wyszków Polish 1st Legions Infantry Divisionof Operational Group Wyszków 3 PPCLI 1 CMBG 3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantryof 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group 4 Pz XXIV 4th Panzer Division of XXIV Army Corps 82 Abn 82nd Airborne Division Artillery Brigade

NATO Joint Military Symbology is the NATO standard for army map marking symbols. Originally published in 1986 as Allied Procedural Publication 6 (APP-6), NATO Military Symbols for Land Based Systems, the usual has evolved through the years and is currently in its fifth version (APP-6D). The symbols are designed to support NATO's joint interoperability via offering a normal set of common symbols. APP-6 constituted a unmarried system of joint military symbology for land, air, space and sea-based formations and gadgets, which can also be displayed for either automatic map show techniques or for handbook map marking. It covers the entire joint products and services and can be utilized by means of them.


The first basic military map symbols started for use by western armies in the decades following the top of the Napoleonic Wars. During World War I, there used to be some extent of harmonisation between the British and French methods, together with the adoption of the color pink for enemy forces and blue for allies; the British had up to now used pink for pleasant troops as a result of the normal red coats of British infantrymen. However, the gadget now in use is extensively in response to that devised by way of the USA Army Corps of Engineers in 1917. The infantry image of a saltire in a rectangle was once mentioned to symbolise the crossed belts of an infantryman, while the one diagonal line for cavalry was once stated to represent the sabre belt. With the formation of NATO in 1949, the US Army gadget was once standardized and adapted, with other shapes for friendly (blue rectangle), adverse (red diamond) and unknown (yellow quatrefoil) forces.[1]

APP-6A used to be promulgated in December 1999. The NATO standardization settlement that covers APP-6A is STANAG 2019 (edition 4), promulgated in December 2000. APP-6A changed APP-6 (final model, July 1986), which have been promulgated in November 1984 (version Three of STANAG 2019 covered APP-6), and used to be changed in turn via Joint Symbology APP-6(B) (APP-6B) in 2008 (STANAG 2019 version 5, June 2008) and NATO Joint Military Symbology APP-6(C) (APP-6C) in 2011 (STANAG 2019 version 6, May 2011).

The U.S. is the current custodian of APP-6A, which is an identical to MIL-STD-2525A.

Symbol sets

The APP-6A standard supplies common operational symbology in conjunction with details on their show and plotting to ensure the compatibility, and to the best extent possible, the interoperability of NATO land component command, control, communications, pc, and intelligence (C4I) programs, development, operations, and coaching. APP-6A addresses the efficient transmission of symbology knowledge thru using a regular methodology for symbol hierarchy, knowledge taxonomy, and symbol identifiers.

APP-6A recognises five vast sets of symbols, each and every set the usage of its personal SIDC (Symbol identification coding) scheme:

Units, apparatus, and installations Military operations (tactical graphics) METOC (meteorological and oceanographic) Signals intelligence MOOTW (army operations other than conflict)

Units, apparatus, and installations encompass icons, usually framed, associated with a single point on the map. All types of graphical and textual modifiers might surround them, specifying categories, quantities, dates, direction of movement, etc.

Tactical graphics represent operational information that can't be introduced by the use of icon-based symbols alone: unit obstacles, special space designations, and other unique markings associated with battlespace geometry and necessary for battlefield making plans and management. There are point, line and area symbols in this class.

Meteorological and oceanographic symbology is the one set not underneath the usual's regulate: moderately, they're imported from the symbology established by way of the World Meteorological Organization.

The alerts intelligence and army operations rather than conflict symbology sets stand with the exception of Units, Equipment, and Installations even if they obey the same conventions (i.e., they consist of framed symbols associated to points at the map). They do not seem in APP-6A correct, having been presented by means of MIL-STD-2525B.

Symbol composition

Most of the symbols designate particular issues, and consist of a body (a geometric border), a fill, a constituent icon, and optional image modifiers. The latter are non-compulsory textual content fields or graphic signs that provide more information.

The frame supplies a visual indication of the affiliation, battle measurement, and status of an operational object. The use of form and colour is redundant, permitting the symbology for use beneath less-than-ideal prerequisites such as a monochrome red show to preserve the operator's evening vision. Nearly all symbols are extremely stylised and will also be drawn through persons nearly completely missing in creative talent; this allows one to attract a symbolic illustration (a GRAPHREP, Graphical report) the use of gear as rudimentary as plain paper and pencil.

The frame serves as the base to which different image parts and modifiers are added. In maximum cases a frame surrounds an icon. One primary exception is equipment, which may be represented via icons on my own (by which case the icons are colored as the frame could be).

The fill is the realm inside an emblem. If the fill is assigned a color, it provides an enhanced (redundant) presentation of information about the association of the object. If colour isn't used, the fill is clear. A only a few icons have fills of their very own, which don't seem to be affected by association.

The icons themselves, in any case, may also be understood as combos of elementary glyphs that use easy composition regulations, in a fashion reminiscent of a few ideographic writing methods corresponding to Chinese. The standard, on the other hand, nonetheless makes an attempt to supply an "exhaustive" checklist of conceivable icons instead of laying out a dictionary of element glyphs. This causes operational issues when the will for an unexpected symbol arises (particularly in MOOTW), an issue exacerbated by means of the administratively centralised upkeep of the symbology units.

When rendering symbols with the fill on, APP-6A calls for the frame and icon to be black or white (as appropriate for the show). When rendering symbols with the fill off, APP-6A calls for a monochrome body and icon (in most cases black or according to the affiliation shade). NATO symbols can be rendered with fill off the use of a frame colored in step with association and a black icon,[2] despite the fact that this is not outlined in any APP-6 standard.

Friendly mechanized infantry with fill on

Friendly mechanized infantry with fill off and monochrome coloration body and icon

Friendly mechanized infantry with fill off and monochrome frame and icon

Friendly mechanized infantry with fill off and bichrome frame and icon

Allegiance & Affiliation

APP-6 Colour representation

The concept of affiliation does not appear within the unique APP-6 as those were not offered until APP-6A. Instead, the unique APP-6 described a series of "colour representations" with the purpose of distinguishing pleasant and enemy parts.

Multi-colour illustration: Blue or black for pleasant icons Red for enemy icons Green for man-made hindrances (pleasant or enemy) Yellow for chemical, organic, radiological or nuclear occasions Other colors to be established in a map legend tri-colour illustration: Blue or black for friendly icons Red for enemy icons Green or yellow for man-made hindrances (friendly or enemy) and for chemical, organic, radiological or nuclear events two coloration illustration: Blue, Green, or black for friendly icons Red for enemy icons One shade representation: Single line border for friendly icons double line border for enemy icons, and unbordered icons have been labeled with "EN" to the decrease appropriate nook

APP-6 friendly unit (coloration)

APP-6 enemy unit (color)

APP-6 pleasant unit (B&W)

APP-6 enemy unit (B&W)

APP-6A Affiliation

Affiliation refers to the relationship of the tracker to the operational object being represented. The elementary association categories are unknown, friend, neutral, and opposed. In the ground unit domain, a yellow quatrefoil body is used to indicate unknown affiliation, a blue rectangle body to indicate pleasant association, a green square body to indicate impartial association, and a purple diamond frame to indicate adversarial association.[3]:11 In the opposite domain names (air and house, sea surface and subsurface, etc.), the same color scheme is used.

Style Friendly Hostile Neutral Unknown Fill On Monochrome (for virtual media) Monochrome (for print media)

The full set of affiliations is:

Pending (P) Unknown (U) Assumed friend (A) Friend (F) Neutral (N) Suspect (S) (assumed adverse) Hostile (H) Exercise pending (G) Exercise unknown (W) Exercise assumed pal (M) Exercise friend (D) Exercise neutral (L) Joker (J) (workout suspect) Faker (K) (exercise antagonistic)

There are no "assumed neutral" and "exercise assumed neutral" affiliations.

These colours are used in words equivalent to "blue on blue" for friendly fireplace, blue force monitoring, purple teaming, and Red Cells.

Battle size

Battle measurement defines the primary project house for the operational object throughout the battlespace. An object may have a venture house above the Earth's surface (i.e., within the air or outer space), on it, or beneath it. If the mission space of an object is on the surface, it may be both on land or sea. The subsurface size concerns those objects whose mission house is underneath the ocean floor (e.g., submarines and sea mines). Some instances require adjudication; as an example, an Army or Marine helicopter unit is a manoeuvring unit (i.e., a unit whose ground reinforce assets are included) and is thus represented in the land dimension. Likewise, a touchdown craft whose number one challenge is ferrying body of workers or apparatus to and from shore is a maritime unit and is represented within the sea surface measurement. A touchdown craft whose primary mission is to fight on land, then again, is a ground asset and is represented in the land dimension.

Closed frames are used to indicate the land and sea surface dimensions, frames open on the backside denote the air/space size, and frames open on the most sensible denote the subsurface measurement.

Air and Space Ground Sea surface Subsurface Friend Neutral Hostile Unknown

An unknown combat dimension is possible; as an example, some digital struggle signatures (e.g., radar methods) are not unusual to a number of combat dimensions and would due to this fact be assigned an "Unknown" combat size until additional discrimination becomes imaginable. Special Forces would possibly function in any dimension.

The complete set of battle dimensions is, in ascending order of distance from Earth heart:

SOF (F) Sea subsurface (U) Sea surface (S) Ground (G) Air (A) Space (P) Other (X) Unknown (Z)

The mnemonic for this ordering is "Fuss-Gap".

The letter in parentheses is used by the symbol id coding (SIDC) scheme — strings of 15 characters used to transmit symbols.

The space and air fight dimensions proportion a unmarried body form. In the bottom struggle dimension, two other frames are used for the pleasant (and assumed pleasant) affiliations with a view to distinguish between units and equipment. The SOF (special operations forces) are assigned their very own struggle size because they normally can perform across a number of domains (air, ground, sea floor and subsurface) all through a unmarried challenge; the frames are the similar as for the bottom (unit) combat measurement.[4]:47–48 The other fight dimension, in the end, seems to be reserved for long run use (there aren't any cases of its use as of 2525B Change 1).


The standing of a symbol refers to whether a warfighting object exists on the location known (i.e., standing is "present") or will one day live at that location (i.e., status is "planned, anticipated, suspected," or "on order"). Regardless of affiliation, provide standing is indicated by means of a solid line and deliberate status by way of a dashed line. The body is solid or dashed, until the symbol icon is unframed, in which case the icon itself is drawn dashed. Planned standing cannot be proven if the emblem is an unframed filled icon.

Icon placement

The icon is the innermost a part of a logo which, when displayed, provides an abstract pictorial or alphanumeric illustration of an operational object. The icon portrays the role or challenge carried out by means of the object. APP-6A distinguishes between icons that should be framed or unframed and icons where framing is not obligatory.[3]:39–Forty three APP-6A outlined an ordinary octagon boundary inside of each map image frame. This octagon isn't in fact proven when symbols are drawn or rendered however, with a couple of outlined exceptions, all icons throughout the frame would also are compatible inside those octagons. APP-6C modified some symbol frames from previous editions of the usual. From most sensible to bottom, here is the emblem boundary proven throughout the APP-6C frames of space parts, air parts, land gadgets, land equipment and floor sea elements, and sub-surface sea components.

Unit symbols

Unit icon modifiers

Unit symbols can be used independently in addition to in combos. There are also some symbols that can't appear by themselves, but can most effective be used to modify different unit symbols:

Modifier Meaning Friendly Hostile Neutral Unknown Notes Airborne In APP-6 was once including Air Assault and Paratrooper forcesSince APP-6A is in particular parachute forces Parachute Symbol used in APP-6, no longer used in APP-6A and later editions Airmobile Airmobile with organic raise Amphibious Motorized Mountain Cannon or gun system supplied Wheeled and cross-country succesful Unit fundamental icons

Land unit icons require a frame.

Unit type[5] Friendly Hostile Neutral Unknown Notes Air defence (evocative of a protecting dome) Ammunition (stylised breech-loaded, rimmed cartridge or shell) Anti-tank (representing a concentrated, piercing action)) Armour (stylized tank treads) Artillery (a cannonball) Rotary-wing aviation (Blurred, spinning helicopter blades) Fixed wing aviation (air screw) Bridging (topographical map image for a bridge) Combat provider strengthen Combined Manoeuvre Arms (Introduced in APP-6C for an organization of Infantry and Armour,this can be a hybrid of the 2 symbols) Engineer (stylised bridge or other structure) Electronic ranging (simplified parabolic antenna) Electronic conflict Explosive ordnance disposal Fuel, orpetroleum, oil, and lubricants ("POL") (simplified funnel) Hospital (spinoff of the medical symbol beneath superimposed with "H") HQ unit This is the HQ unit not the HQ itselfA HQ's bodily place is represented through an empty rectangle with a line extending down from bottom left. Infantry (evocative of the crossed bandoliers of Napoleonic infantry). Maintenance (stylised spanner) Medical (evocative of the Red Cross image) Meteorological Missile (simplified missile) Mortar (projectile with a vertical arrow symbolizing mortar's high arc trajectory) Military police Navy (anchor) CBRN defence (simplified crossed retorts, the important components within the insignia of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps) Ordnance (derived from crossed cannon behind a disc) Radar (stylised lightning flash and parabolic dish) Psychological operations (electronic schematic image for loudspeaker, evocative of propaganda) Reconnaissance or cavalry (inspired by the cavalry's sabre strap) Signals (simplified lightning flash, evocative of radio alerts [likewise used within the radar image above]) Special forces Special operations forces Supply Topographical (stylised sextant) Transportation (simplified wheel) Unmanned air automobile (flying wing silhouette) Modified unit icons

Some of the most common combinations are:

Modified image Meaning Mountain Infantry examples: Italy's Alpini, Germany's Gebirgsjäger, France's Chasseurs Alpins, Poland's Podhale Rifles, US 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team Parachute Infantry instance: 82nd Airborne Division (United States), Division Schnelle Kräfte (Germany), United Kingdom's Parachute Regiment, Brigada de Infantería Ligera Paracaidista BRIPAC (Spain) Airmobile Infantry example: a hundred and first Airborne Division (Air Assault), Jägerregiment 1 Mechanized Infantry example: US 3rd Infantry Division (apparatus example: M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle), Mechanized infantry equipped with infantry combating vehicles equipment examples: M2 Bradley, BMP-3, Kurganets-25, Dardo IFV Amphibious mechanized infantry example: 1st Marine Regiment (United States) when Amphibious Assault Vehicle units are connected. Mechanized infantry (wheeled-"medium") equipment examples: third Brigade (US 2nd Infantry Division), Stryker, ZSL-08, Patria AMV, Mowag Piranha, BTR-80, (with gadget gun turrets) Mechanized infantry (wheeled-"medium") equipped with wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicles equipment examples: BTR-90, Bumerang, ZBL-08, Freccia, VBTP-MR Guarani, (with autocannon turrets) Tank destroyer equipment examples: B1 Centauro, AMX 10 RC, M1128 Mobile Gun System Wheeled armoured reconnaissance apparatus examples: Fennek, VBL, BRDM-2, ASLAV Armoured engineers equipment examples: M60A1 AVLB, Bergepanzer BPz3. Combat engineers in mechanized engineer segment carriers. Also engineers fixed in IFVs reminiscent of Bradley or Warrior. Armoured artillery apparatus examples: M109 howitzer, PzH 2000, 2S19 Msta, 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV, AS90 Mountain artillery apparatus instance: OTO Melara Mod 56 Multiple rocket launcher apparatus instance: M270 MLRS Wheeled a couple of rocket launcher apparatus instance: HIMARS, Pinaka, BM-27 Uragan, BM-30 Smerch, Astros II MLRS Self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery apparatus examples: FlaKPz Gepard, 9K22 Tunguska, Type 95 SPAAA Missile air defence apparatus example: S-300, S-400, 9K37 Buk, MIM-104 Patriot, Roland Attack helicopter apparatus examples: AH-64 Apache, AH-1 Cobra, Eurocopter Tiger, Mil Mi-28, Kamov Ka-50, Agusta A129 Mangusta Medium transport helicopter apparatus examples: CH-46 Sea Knight, UH-60 Blackhawk, Mi-17 Hip Theatre degree fuel provide unit Supply and transportation unit Unit length indicators

Above the unit image, a logo representing the size of the unit can be displayed:[4]:57

Symbol Name Typical no. of team of workers No. of subordinate devices Typical rank of leader (Commonwealth and USA) Combatant Command[6]Region (very rare in peacetime)theatre (very rare in peacetime) 250,000–1,000,000+ Several army teams Commonwealth: Field MarshalUS: General of the Army EntranceArmy team (rare in peacetime)Air Forces Command or Major Command 120,000–500,000 Several armies or air forces Commonwealth: Field MarshalUS: General of the Army or General ArmyAir Force 100,000 2-4 combating Corps (5–10 combating divisions) andsupport troops (regularly organized in divisions or brigades) General Corps 30,000–90,000 2-Four combating divisions andsupport troops (often organized in brigades or teams) Lieutenant General Division 10,000–20,000 Nominally a number of brigades and/or regiments Major General BrigadeWing (Air or Aviation) 2,000–20,000 Several battalions or Commonwealth regiments. Brigadier GeneralCommonwealth: BrigadierCommonwealth Air: Air commodoreUS Army:Colonel RegimentGroup (some CS and CSS palms)Group (Air or Aviation) 500–3,000 3–7 battalions (most often of the same arm) ColonelCommonwealth Air: Group Captain Battalion or equivalentRegiment (sure international locations/palms only)Squadron (US Cavalry)Squadron (Air or Aviation) 300–1,000 2–6 corporations, batteries, U.S. troops, or Commonwealth squadrons, and so on. Lieutenant colonelCommonwealth Air: Wing Commander Company or equivalentArtillery BatterySquadron (some Commonwealth palms)U.S. Cavalry Troop 60–250 2-5 platoons/troops Commonwealth Army: MajorCommonwealth Air: Squadron LeaderU.S. Captain Staffel[7] or echelon[8](level of hierarchy unique to Germany) 50-90 2 platoons/troops or 6-10 sections Captain or Staff Captain Platoon or similarTroop (certain international locations/hands best)Flight (Air and Aviation)French Army Section 25–40 3-Five squads, sections, or fighting cars Commonwealth: Lieutenant or Second Lieutenant US: Second Lieutenant Section 7–13 2–Three fireteams Commonwealth: Corporal or sergeantUS: Sergeant or Staff Sergeant Squad 5–10 1–2 fireteams Commonwealth: Corporal or sergeantUS: Sergeant or Staff Sergeant Fireteam 3–5 n/a Commonwealth: Lance CorporalUS: Corporal or Sergeant

The standard commander ranks shown within the table are for illustration. Neither the true rank designated for a specific unit's commander, nor the rank held by the incumbent commander alters the correct symbol. For instance, units are periodically commanded by means of an officer junior to the accredited commander grade, yet a company under the command of a Lieutenant (U.S.) or Captain (Commonwealth) remains to be indicated with two vertical ticks. Likewise, some abnormal forms of companies and detachments are permitted a Major, Lieutenant Colonel (workforce services companies) or Colonel (some forms of judge advocate detachments); the company or detachment is however indicated with, respectively, one vertical tick or 3 dots.

While in Commonwealth armies, the regiment as a tactical formation does not in most cases exist, in some instances a regimental sized (i.e. better than battalion and smaller than brigade) Task Force would possibly exist the place the operational requirement exists. These formations is also commanded via Colonels.

Note that, for brigades and higher, the selection of Xs corresponds to the collection of stars within the United States military's insignia for the typical basic officer grade commanding that length unit. For example, a department is capped with XX and is normally commanded by way of a big basic the American insignia for which is 2 stars.

Equipment icons

Equipment icons are "frame optional".

Equipment symbol (framed) (unframed) Equipment sort Bridge (e.g. AVLB)

Installation icons

Installation image Installation type Bridge production

Symbol modifiers

APP-6A stops with field AB. MIL-STD-2525B and 2525B Change 1 upload quite a lot of other modifiers.

Positions of the more than a few graphic modifiers around the image (itself field A). MIL-STD-2525B Change 1 fails to specify where to put fields AD, AE, and AF. Graphic modifiers Echelon (field B) Identifies command stage (see Unit sizes, above). Task pressure (box D) Identifies a unit as a job pressure. It could also be used alone or in combination with Echelon, like so:Combat Team orCompany Group Battlegroup Regimental Combat Team orMarine expeditionary unit (MEU) Brigade Group orBrigade Combat Team orMarine expeditionary brigade (MEB) Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Frame form modifier (field E) A short textual modifier that completes the association, fight measurement, or workout description of an object ("U", "?", "X", "XU", "X?", "J" or "K"). It is handled as a graphic modifier, alternatively. Direction of movement (box Q) A hard and fast-length arrow that identifies the direction of movement or supposed movement of an object. It emanates from the emblem's centre except within the flooring domain, where it's hooked to a brief offset, instantly down from the logo's base centre (see diagram). Mobility indicator (field R) Depicts the mobility of an object (see Mobility, below). It is used simplest with apparatus. Headquarters staff or offset location (field S) Identifies a unit as a headquarters, or indicates the object's exact location at the map when it's been shifted away to be able to declutter the display. It goes straight down from the emblem's centre left, then angles towards the real location (see diagram). Feint/dummy (field AB) Identifies a unit supposed to draw the enemy's consideration away from the area of the primary assault, or a decoy designed to fool enemy intelligence. It is composed of a dashed chevron, placed above the frame, like the echelon graphic modifier (the usual is unclear as to how the two mix graphically). See Feints/Dummies, underneath. Installation (box AC) Identifies a specific symbol as an installation. It sits atop the body. See Installations, underneath. Auxiliary equipment (box AG) Indicates the presence of a towed sonar array (used exclusively within the sea surface or subsurface combat dimensions). It sits beneath the body, like field R (see Auxiliary apparatus, below). Area of uncertainty (box AH) Indicates the world where an object is in all probability to be, in line with the item's remaining record and the reporting accuracy of the sensor that detected it. This can take more than a few bureaucracy, comparable to an ellipse, a bounding box, or lines indicating probable bearing and distance. Dead reckoning trailer (field AI) Identifies where an object must be located at this time, given its ultimate reported route and pace. This can take the type of a dotted line (extending from the symbol to the dead-reckoned position) or a dotted circle (bounding the zone the item may have reached since, when the direction of motion is unknown or unsure). Speed leader (field AJ) Depicts the velocity and route of movement of an object. It is identical to the Direction of Movement indicator aside from that its size is variable (and there's no arrow head). Pairing line (box AK) Connects two gadgets.Feints/dummies and installations


Feint/dummy Installations Mobility and auxiliary apparatus


Wheeled(limitedcross-country) Wheeledcross-country Tracked Half-tracked Towed Railway Snowmobile Sled Pack animals Barge Amphibious       Short towed array (typ. sonar) Long towed array (typ. sonar)   Text modifiers Quantity (field C) Identifies the choice of apparatus pieces provide. Reinforced or reduced (field F) Displays (+) for reinforced, (-) for diminished, (±) for strengthened and decreased. Staff feedback (box G) Additional information (box H) Evaluation rating (field J) A letter-and-number reliability and credibility ranking, assigned via Intelligence. Combat effectiveness (field Okay) Signature apparatus (box L) Used for adversarial apparatus; "!" indicates a detectable electronic signature. Higher formation (box M) Number or title of higher echelon command. field M of this company symbol displays that it belongs to the 42nd Armored Infantry Battalion: Hostile (enemy) (box N) "ENY" denotes antagonistic equipment. IFF/SIF (field P) IFF/SIF Identification modes and codes. SIGINT mobility indicator (field R2) "M" for Mobile, "S" for Static, "U" for Uncertain. Unique designation (box T) box T displays this is Alpha Company: Type (box V) Date/time group (DTG) (box W) Indicates the logo's date and time stamp. Altitude/top/intensity (field X) Location (field Y) Location in degrees, minutes, and seconds (or in UTM or different applicable display layout). Speed (field Z) Velocity as set forth in MIL-STD-6040. Special C2 headquarters (field AA) Platform type (box AD) "ELNOT" (Electronic Intelligence Notation) or "CENOT" (Communications Intelligence Notation) Equipment teardown time (field AE) In mins. Common identifier (box AF) Example: "Hawk" for a Hawk SAM system.

Other knowledge

APP-6 group chart of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF):

Structure of the 1st MEF (click on to enlarge)


APP-6A, Military Symbols for Land Based Systems was once advanced immediately from MIL-STD-2525A, Common Warfighting Symbology. MIL-STD 2525A used to be the American usual for military symbols. The custodian of APP-6 is the United States. APP-6(A) remained unchanged as paintings on harmonizing it with ADatP-3, NATO Message Text Formatting System was carried out. In 1999, APP-6 was once moved from the Army Service Board to the Joint Service Board. With this transfer, APP-6 used to be positioned underneath the Information Exchange Requirements Harmonization/Message Text Format Working Group. The IERH/MTFWG then shaped the Joint Symbology Panel to supply configuration control of APP-6 with the United States custodian as the chairman. With the ratification and promulgation of APP-6(B) in 2008, the named was once changed to NATO Military Symbology to higher mirror the character of the newsletter. In 2011, with the advent of APP-6(C), the named used to be modified to NATO Joint Military Symbology. The US military required new symbols to improve ongoing operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, so the pace of change between APP-6 and MIL-STD-2525 remained asymmetric until 2009. In 2009, a new chairman for DOD Symbology Standardization Management Committee used to be appointed, and the 2 configuration management organizations started to work together. The two organizations held joint conferences with complete participation on both sides. The function of each teams is to expand comprehensive joint army symbology this is not unusual to each organizations to the greatest extent possible. APP-6(C) began the process of changing the layout of the publications and presented new symbol id codes. MIL-STD-2525D[9] has carried that one step further with extra symbols and more image units derived from recent NATO and US operations. MIL-STD-2525D will function the base file for APP-6(D) as the 2 documents transfer closer together.


^ .mw-parser-output .quotation qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//")appropriate 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")appropriate 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//")correct 0.1em middle/9px .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted; .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em heart/12px code.cs1-codecolour:inherit;background:inherit;border:none; .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none; .cs1-maintshow:none;colour:#33aa33; .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritHershey, Andrew (2012). "Not Just Lines on a Map: A History of Military Mapping" (PDF). Strategy & Tactics. 274: 22–27. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 7, 2014. ^ "NATO Map Symbol Programmed Instruction Package" (PDF). Canadian Forces School of Military Intelligence. Jan 2000. p. 6. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018. ^ a b Korkolis, M. (July 1986). "APP-6 Military Symbols For Land Based Symbols" (PDF). Retrieved Nov 14, 2018. ^ a b c d Thibault, D. U. (September 2005). "Commented APP-6A - Military symbols for land based systems" (PDF). DRDC Valcartier. Retrieved Nov 14, 2018. ^ "US Army FM 21-30 Military Symbols" (PDF). US Army Engineers. June 1965. p. 2–5. Retrieved 7 May 2020. ^ FM 1-02 Operational Terms and Graphics. US DoD. 21 September 2004. pp. 5–37. ^ APP-6C NATO Joint Military Symbology. NATO. May 2011. pp. 2–25. ^ APP-6 Military Symbols for Land Based Systems. NATO. July 1986. pp. B8. ^ Department of Defense Interface Standard: Joint Military Symbology (MIL-STD-2525D) (PDF). Washington, DC: US Government (printed 10 June 2014). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tactical signs and map symbols of NATO. Wikimedia Commons has media associated with NATO Military Map Symbols.US War Department FM 21-30 Conventional Signs, Symbols, and Abbreviations of Second World War Korean War–technology map symbols at ARMY.MIL The map symbols as TrueType Fonts MilSymb—LaTeX package for drawing army symbols (APP-6(C) simplest) APP-6—Military Symbols for Land Based Systems (1986) APP-6(A)—Military Symbols for Land Based Systems (1998) APP-6(B)—Joint Symbology (2008) APP-6(C)—NATO Joint Military Symbology (2011) MIL-STD-2525 manuals from Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) FM 101-5-1/MCRP 5-2A OPERATIONAL TERMS AND GRAPHICS, dated 30 September 1997 FM 101-5-1/MCRP 5-2A OPERATIONAL TERMS AND GRAPHICS, dated 21 September 2004 UK Interim APP-6A Manual (zipped PDF report) Note: this file has since been replaced with Issue 1.2, dated December 2003 Thibault, D. U.; Commented APP-6A – Military Symbols for Land Based Systems, Defence R&D Canada – Valcartier, Technical Note TN 2005-222 (2005-08-01) (quilt file)—Web software to create army symbology according to MIL-STD-2525C—Web software offering purposes to draw, save, export and alternate Military Map Overlays in line with MIL-STD-2525C. Retrieved from ""

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